Discover ANG - History

A LEGACY OF VALOR, A HISTORY OF HONOR

History

Since the early days of the 20th Century, Air Guardsmen have been taking action to protect our nation and assist our citizens in times of need.

1636 First Militia Companies Organized
12/13/1636

First Militia Companies Organized

The General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony mandated that its first militia companies be organized into the first three militia regiments in North America.

1916 First Aero Company Mobilizes During Border Crisis
07/13/1916

First Aero Company Mobilizes During Border Crisis

New York’s First Aero Company mobilizes during the border crisis with Mexico that was set off by Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico. This event marks the first time a Guard aviation unit was called into federal service.

1947 Air National Guard Is Officially Established
09/18/1947

Air National Guard Is Officially Established

The National Security Act of 1947 created the United States Air Force (USAF) as a separate military service and established the Air National Guard as a reserve component of the USAF.

1950 Air National Guard Mobilizes for the Korean War
10/10/1950

Air National Guard Mobilizes for the Korean War

The first Air Guard units were mobilized during the Korean War. Fifteen flying squadrons were assigned to the Tactical Air Command.

1954 First African American Pilot Joins the Air National Guard
05/07/1954

First African American Pilot Joins the Air National Guard

On May 7, 1954, 1st Lt. Thomas E. Williams, a Tuskegee Airman, joined the 141st Fighter Bomber Squadron in the New Jersey Air National Guard. He became the first known African American pilot in the ANG.

1956 First Female Joins the Air National Guard
08/01/1956

First Female Joins the Air National Guard

Capt. Norma Parsons became the first woman to join the Air National Guard, enlisting with the New York Air Guard after President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation authorizing female nurses to join.

1978 First Air National Guard Female Pilot
01/27/1978

First Air National Guard Female Pilot

2nd Lt. Marilyn Koon, a former North Dakota ANG member, became the Air Guard’s first female pilot. She accepted an assignment as a KC-135 pilot in the 161st Air Refueling Group, Arizona ANG, upon earning her wings.

1997 First Female Commander for the Air National Guard
11/01/1997

First Female Commander for the Air National Guard

Lt. Col. Linda K. McTague was assigned as commander of the 201st Airlift Squadron, District of Columbia ANG. She was the first woman to serve as commander of an Air Guard flying squadron.

2001 Air National Guard Responds to the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks
09/11/2001

Air National Guard Responds to the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks

Within moments of the September 11th terrorist attacks, the 102nd Fighter Wing, Massachusetts Air National Guard, assembled two F-15 fighter aircraft, making them the Nation's first airborne responder. In the hours following, 34 Air Guard fighter units were readied for combat missions, with 15 of these units providing combat air patrols for major US cities including New York City and Washington, D.C.

2002 TSGT Keary Miller is Awarded the Silver Star
03/04/2002

TSGT Keary Miller is Awarded the Silver Star

TSgt Keary Miller of the 123rd Special Tactics Squadron is awarded the Silver Star for his heroic actions on March 4, 2002. Greeted with gunfire upon his aircraft landing, Miller dragged a helicopter pilot to safety, established multiple casualty collection points, and treated the wounded while setting up the distribution of ammunition for Army Rangers who were fighting the enemy.

2002 First African American Director for the Air National Guard
06/03/2002

First African American Director for the Air National Guard

Lt. Gen Daniel James is the first African American to become Director of the Air National Guard.

2003 Air National Guard Mobilizes for Operation Iraqi Freedom
03/20/2003

Air National Guard Mobilizes for Operation Iraqi Freedom

Within Operation Iraqi Freedom's first six months, Air Guard C-130 crews airlifted 22,000 tons of cargo and 47,000 passengers, and flew 8,600 sorties in 21,000 hours. ANG tankers also provided one-third of the Air Force refueling aircraft for this mission.

2005 Air National Guard Responds to Indian Ocean Tsunami
01/01/2005

Air National Guard Responds to Indian Ocean Tsunami

Within the first week of the disaster, 150 Alaska Air Guard members were mobilized to assist in relief efforts. Three C-130 cargo planes were sent by the California ANG as well as a KC-135, which transported a Department of Defense forensics team to help identify victims.

2005 Air National Guard Responds to Hurricane Katrina
08/25/2005

Air National Guard Responds to Hurricane Katrina

By the time the hurricane made its first landfall, the ANG had mobilized 840 personnel. All 54 states and territories responded to recovery efforts. The ANG also flew 73 percent of the airlift for the relief operations.

2010 Air National Guard Responds to Earthquake in Haiti
01/22/2010

Air National Guard Responds to Earthquake in Haiti

Members of the Kentucky ANG established a hub for humanitarian aid to process inbound food, water and supplies.

2011 Air National Guard Responds to Tsunami in Japan
03/11/2011

Air National Guard Responds to Tsunami in Japan

52 ANG members from the 109th Air Operations Group, Hawaii ANG and 157th Air Operations Group, Missouri ANG mobilized in support of Operation Tomodachi, a humanitarian relief operation to support Japan following a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami.

2012 Air National Guard Responds to Hurricane Sandy
11/08/2012

Air National Guard Responds to Hurricane Sandy

New York ANG Airmen flew C-130s to deliver fuel nozzle conversion kits so that FEMA fuel could be pumped into NYC government and emergency vehicles. Eight air controllers from the New York Air National Guard were also brought in to manage the highly congested air space at Floyd Bennet Field.

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